Tretment And Managment Of Diabtes Type 2Health 

Tretment And Managment Of Diabtes Type 2

The aim of treating diabetes is to eliminate the symptoms and prevent the development of complications that may occur as a result of the condition. In order to take the right approach, it is important to consult a specialist for type 2 diabetes treatment.

Living a healthy lifestyle

One of the major steps to take in managing diabetes is taking a closer look at your lifestyle and making the necessary changes where possible. Things to look at include weight, diet, and physical activity.

  1. Diet

If you are diagnosed with diabetes, you should:

  • Refrain from roasting or frying food and start steaming or grilling the food.
  • Instead of eating biscuits and cakes, you should develop a habit of eating fruits and low-fat yogurts.
  • Drink semi-skimmed or skimmed milk.
  • Consume more fiber-rich foods such as lentils, beans as well as fruits and vegetables.
  • Refrain from eating processed meat such as burgers and sausages and instead take lean meat.
  1. Weight

One should have a general body mass index of 30 or below. Above this, it is advisable to reduce your calorie intake as well as increasing physical activity. You should visit a healthcare professional or a dietician in order to get tailored advice on matters dealing with diet and exercise.

  • Physical activity

One of the main type 2 diabetes treatment and management methods is physical activity. It is advisable to spend less time in front of a computer or watching television and dedicate the time going for a walk or indulging in physical exercises. Overweight persons are advised to be more physically active in order to lose weight.

Medication for type 2 diabetes

  1. Pioglitazone

This is a type of drug that makes the cells of the body to be more receptive to insulin ensuring more glucose is taken from the blood.  However, the drug has some not so desirable side effects including swelling of the ankle and increase in body weight.

People with heart failure are not advised to take pioglitazone.

  1. SGLT2 inhibitors

This drug works by increasing glucose excretion in urine. There are three types of inhibitors that doctors may prescribe namely:

  • dapagliflozin
  • canagliflozin
  • empagliflozin

The downside of this drug is that one can get urinary tract infections.

  • Acarbose

This is a drug that slows down the rate of carbohydrate breakdown in the digestive system, decreasing glucose production levels after a meal. It is not normally prescribed by doctors because it causes diarrhea and bloating.

  1. Metformin

This is the most common diabetes type 2 treatment medicine. It works by making the body cells more insulin sensitive as well as reducing the rate of glucose release by the liver into the bloodstream. It is not prescribed to persons with kidney damage.

  1. Gliptins

The drug works by inhibiting the breakdown of GLP-1 hormone which is a hormone that helps in insulin production. Inhibiting GLP-1 breakdown prevents the occurrence of high levels of glucose in the blood.

  1. GLP-1 agonists

The drugs work by increasing the amount of insulin produced. They are given in the form of an injection.

  • Sulphonylureas

It is normally prescribed to people who are not overweight. It works by increasing the amount of insulin production. Example include:

  • Gliquidone
  • Glimepiride
  • glibenclamide

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